Eduardo Kac, Rio de Janeiro, 1962.
Eduardo Kac is internationally recognized for his telepresence and bio art. A pioneer of telecommunications art in the pre-Web '80s, Eduardo Kac (pronounced "Katz") emerged in the early '90s with his radical works combining telerobotics and living organisms. His visionary integration of robotics, biology and networking explores the fluidity of subject positions in the post-digital world. His work deals with issues that range from the mythopoetics of online experience (Uirapuru) to the cultural impact of biotechnology (Genesis), from the changing condition of memory in the digital age (Time Capsule) to distributed collective agency (Teleporting an Unknown State), from the problematic notion of the "exotic" (Rara Avis) to the creation of life and evolution (GFP Bunny). At the dawn of the twenty-first century Kac opened a new direction for contemporary art with his "transgenic art"--first with a groundbreaking piece entitled Genesis (1999), which included an "artist's gene" he invented, and then with "GFP Bunny," his fluorescent rabbit called Alba (2000).
Kac’s work has been exhibited internationally at venues such as Exit Art and Ronald Feldman Fine Arts, New York, Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, Castello di Rivoli, Turin, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Reina Sofia Museum, Madrid, Zendai Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai, and Seoul Museum of Art. Kac's work has been showcased in biennials such as Yokohama Triennial, Biennial of the End of the World, Ushuaia, Gwangju Biennale, Bienal de Sao Paulo, International Triennial of New Media Art, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, and Bienal de Habana.
His work is in the permanent collections of the Tate, London, the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, Frac Occitanie—Regional collections of contemporary art, Les Abattoirs—Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Toulouse, the Museum of Modern Art of Valenci, Spain, the ZKM Museum, Karlsruhe, Art Center Nabi, Seoul, and the Museum of Contemporary Art of São Paulo, among others.
Kac has received many awards, including the Golden Nica Award, the most prestigious award in the field of media arts and the highest prize awarded by Ars Electronica.
His work “Time Capsule” won the 1st edition of the ARCO-BEEP Electronic Art Award
Time Capsule, 1997
On 11 November 1997, Eduardo Kac created his “Time Capsule” in the cultural centre Casa das Rosas of Sao Paulo (Brasil). Transmitting on live television and the internet, the artist implanted a digital microchip before a series of sepia coloured photographs that documented the life of his family in Europe previous to 1939. In this way, Kac became the first human carrier of a microchip. To celebrate its 10th anniversary and with the piece in its final form, including all the diverse original elements of this live performance, he activated a webcast and a web scanner to allow an interactive, tele-robotic tracing of the chip in internet.